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鉴史知来 | 替父从军十二年,为何木兰女扮男装从未被发现?

来源:篮球下注

篮球下注dishinizuixinzhenrendianying《huamulan》yu9yue11rizaizhongguodalushangying,guoneiwaiqidaizhidouhengao。

“唧唧复唧唧,木兰当户织”。自民国时期就收入语文课本的《木兰辞》(又称“木兰诗”)是许多人认识木兰这位传奇女性的开始。

 

《木兰辞》讲述木兰女扮男装替父从军十二年,在战场上建功立业,并最终与家人团聚的动人故事

 

篮球下注“chumenjianhuoban,huobanjiejingmang;tongxingshiernian,buzhimulanshinvlang。”guwangjinlaibushaorencengduigushidezhenshixingfachuzhiyi: yiweimiaolingnvzizaijunyingneiyangde“nanrendui”li,shierniandoumeiyourenfaxian,zheizenmekenengni?

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府兵制度初形成

yibanrenwei,《mulanci》“chanshengyubeiweiduirourandezhanzheng,yinweiyushizhongdedimingxiangwenhe”,beiweishiwoguobeifangshaoshuminzutuobaxianbeijianlideyigechaodai,mulandeshenfenshixianbeirenhuoxianbeihuadehanren。

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北魏骑兵陶俑

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电影《花木兰》官员形象(左)与唐郑仁泰墓彩绘贴金文武官俑(右)

youyufubingzhibingbuqiangqiusuoyoujunhucanjun,zhiyaoqiuyixieyounenglichujundejiatinglvxingyiwu,bingqiebaozhengmeijiameihudouyounandingcongshinongyeshengchan。danzheixiejiatingxuyaoweiguojiachengdanzhurujunlianggongying、bingqizhunbeidengzeren,jiangzhengfutigongdejingjiqianlizhuanhuaweizhanzhengziyuan。yinci,kexiangerzhi,mulande“maimaimai”yao“zitaoyaobao”。

 

尚武之风出侠女

mulancongjunduonian,jiangongliyehoutianziyouyifengqiwei“shangshulang”。tadechengjiubushiyibanshenguinvzinengzuodaode,zheizaifengjianshidaiqueshibukesiyi。dancongmulanshenghuodeshidaibeijinglaikan,queyoubingbutuwu。

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北魏女陶俑,北魏曾诞生多位中国历史上著名的女强人,如冯太后、娄昭君

beiweinvzihaiyouyidatedianshipubianxiwu、jingyuqishe。《weishu》zhongjiuyouweinvzhonghaojieliyongrong,bujinnengtengshenqishangzhengzaifeichidemabeishang,hainengzuoyoukaigongshuangjiantongzhongbaxin。chucizhiwai,shishuhaijishulehenduoyudaojinjijunqingfenqidikangdebeiweinvxing。

篮球下注zhengshinvzishangwudefengqi,rangmulanqianyikehaizaijiazhongfangzhi,xiayikemashang“wanlifurongji,guanshanduruofei”。kejianqishentisuzhijiqiang,bushuxunchangnaner。zheiyangyilai,jiubuhuizaijunzhongyin“wulizhi”dierreyan。

 

骑兵服役助保密

篮球下注zaihuidaozuichudewenti,“weishenmemulancongjunshiernian,doumeibeifaxianshinvxing”,nandaozhiyinmulanwuligaoqiang,shiwei“nvhanzi”?

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congzheiyidianlaishuo,dianying《huamulan》bamulandejunyingshenghuoyanyiwei“nanshengsushe”datongpujiuhenshizhen,fanershi1998niandishinichupindedonghuapian《huamulan》zhongmulanduzizhuzaiyingzhangligengtiejinlishi。

电影《花木兰》中木兰为免泄密只好每天申请值夜以和战友们错峰“入睡”

 

动画片《花木兰》中木兰有自己的营帐

dier,mulanzuoweiqibing,zhanshiquanshenzhejia,shenzhihaiyaozhuangbeibaohujingbude“tiepenling”、zhezhuzhenggemianrongde“tiemian”,yejiuhennanbeifaxianxingbieyouyi。

莫高窟壁画反映的北魏骑兵铠甲

zheiyidianzaidianyingzhongdebiaoxianfangfashi: zhidaomulanzhudongzhaiqutoukui、xiexiakaijia,huisachuyitouxiufa,huobanmencaifajuetadenvxingshenfen。

dangran,buguanyishangzheixiekeguantiaojianduibaoshoumimiyouduodazhuyi,mulanzaijunyingshijinianweixielushenfen,zuiyingguigongyutazishendeyanjinxizhi。ciwai,mulanyinvzizhishendapoxingbiejiasuolvlizhangong,haitixianchutabenrenjidaderengemeili: aiguo、jianqiang、yonggan、dandang……shenweinvziconglaibushitianshengruozhededaimingci,zhenzhengjuedingnishishei、ninengzuoshenmede,zhiyouniziji。

 

豫剧《花木兰》名段: 《谁说女子不如男》

 

 

相信这也是《木兰辞》流传千年而历久弥新的原因所在。

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